Following the battles at Concord and Lexington, the colonial militias besieging the British in Boston began to organize into an army. On April 26, 1775, just 7 days after those first battles, the Massachusetts Committee of Safety commissioned John Stark of New Hampshire as a colonel, with orders to enlist a regiment of soldiers. Within a short time, he had enlisted 800 men. One month later, the unit was “adopted” by New Hampshire and designated the 1st New Hampshire Regiment.
Throughout the war, the unit performed gallantly, serving with honor at Bunker Hill, Canada, Princeton, Saratoga, Valley Forge, Monmouth, in the expedition against the Iroquois, at Yorktown, and even crossed the Delaware with Washington in the attack on Trenton. They were one of the last units disbanded after the British evacuated New York City in 1783. The unit itself served for a period of 8 years and 8 months, making it the longest serving unit in the war.